白蚁侵扰韩国著名的寺庙

Termites infest famous Korean temples

艾米 海利早川,2013年2月25日,BTN

by Emi Hailey Hayakawa, BTN, Feb 25, 2013

汉城,韩国 – 白蚁一直以来是韩国传统建筑令人头疼的一个问题,因为大多数韩国文化财产是用木头做的。白蚁渗透和吞噬建筑物,其中包括韩国传统的佛教寺院。

根据文化遗产管理局在过去4年进行的检查中, 231建筑中的78个受到了白蚁的侵扰,18个有着持续性的白蚁问题。知名度高的寺庙,比如通度寺(Tongdosa),松广寺(Songgwangsa),梵鱼寺(Beomeosa)等重要的寺庙都面临着同样的问题。

检测白蚁侵扰的唯一可能性是在建筑受到损坏之后。在2013年2月14日举行的会议上,文化遗产管理局宣布,白蚁大批出没的原因是由于全球气候变暖,白蚁在温暖,潮湿的环境中能茁壮成长。据韩国气象局的数据,朝鲜半岛的温度和湿度在过去60年中有明显的上升。

他们还补充说,另一个因素是没有足够的资金去管理好受白蚁虫害的建筑物。其结果是,木制文化财产所受到的损害日益严重。

郑教授指出,建筑物里一旦出现白蚁之后,很难避免不受其侵扰,最重要的是要防止白蚁接触到建筑物。

文章来源:http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=89,11331,0,0,1,0

翻译:圆怀,不惑

校对:沃色卓玛

 

Termites infest famous Korean temples

by Emi Hailey Hayakawa, BTN, Feb 25, 2013

Seoul, South Korea — Termites have been a constant problem in the traditional Korean buildings, since most of Korea’s cultural properties are made of wood. Termites penetrate and devour the buildings, which include traditional Korean Buddhist monasteries.

According to the inspections that were conducted by the Cultural Heritage Administration for the past 4 years, 78 out of 231 buildings were infested by termites, and 18 buildings had an ongoing termite problem. High-profile important temples such as Tongdosa, Songgwangsa, and Beomeosa temples all face the same problems.

Detection of termite infestation are only possible only after damages were made. During the meeting held on February 14th, 2013, the Cultural Heritage Administration announced that the termite infestation was due to global warming as termites thrive in warm, humid environments. According to the data from the Korea Weather Administration, the temperature and humidity of the Korean peninsula surged within the past sixty years.

They also added that not enough budget to take care of the buildings was another factor that added to the termite infestations. As a result, the damage to wooden cultural properties is getting more serious by the day.

Professor Jeong stated that it is difficult to prevent the infestation once termites are present in the treasures and buildings, what is important is to prevent the termites from latching on to the buildings.