印度佛教旅游将迎来新一轮开发

印亚新闻社(IANS)2012年12月25日报道

印度奥里萨邦(Odisha),印度的佛教旅游路线将会注入新的活力。从2013年1月20日开始,豪华旅游班车:Mahaparinirvana特快,除原有抵达北方邦(Uttar Pradesh)和比哈尔邦(Bihar)的线路之外,将增加运行至奧里萨邦(Odisha)的路线。

此举是为了满足日益增长的朝圣需求,尤其是来自南亚的斯里兰卡以及东亚和东南亚的朝圣者,便于他们能够参观更多的佛教圣地,比如布巴內斯瓦尔(Bhubaneswar)、拉尔里陀其里(Lalitagiri)、坎达基利(Khandagiri) 和乌德耶吉里(Udayagiri)。

一位印度铁路餐饮和旅游总公司(IRCTC)的官员:Harshvardhan Singh Rawat在接受印亚新闻社记者采访时说:“现在,从首都Safdarjung火车站出发的火车前往菩提伽耶(Bodh Gaya),王舍城(Rajgir),那烂陀(Nalanda),瓦拉纳西(Varanasi),鹿野苑(Sarnath),戈勒克布尔(Gorakhpur),拘尸那迦(Kushinagar),兰毗尼(Lumbini)和舍卫城(Sravasti),需经八天七夜的旅程。”

该铁路于2007年开始运行,票价从7,500卢比至 34,000卢比不等。

在印度工业联合会圆桌会议上谈到印度旅游的盈利时, IRCTC的这位官员声称:政府正在考虑重新恢复于2012年3月份停运的钦奈(Chennai)佛教旅游班车。

这位官员说:“我们将会很快重新运营钦奈(Chennai)的火车,以应对从斯里兰卡涌入的佛教朝圣者。我们正在计划21天20夜的火车路线。该路线将比德里(Delhi)火车路线所涵盖的地方还要多。”

Mahaparinirvana特快的平均乘坐率为60%,游客大部分来自中国大陆、泰国、台湾和其他周边国家。这位官员说,在佛教旅游路线上,至少有来自30个国家和地区的游客选择乘坐火车旅游。

为招揽过夜旅客,该公司已经与菩提伽耶(Bodh Gaya)、拘尸那迦(Kushinagar)、戈勒克布尔(Gorakhpur)和尼泊尔蓝毗尼(Lumbini)等地的豪华酒店建立了合作关系。现在的旅游热门将变成奥里萨邦(Odisha),该佛教圣地的盛名一直为印度教朝圣旅游景点Puri-Konark所掩盖。

Odisha佛教环线旅游路线始于公元前6世纪初,包括勒德纳吉里(Ratnagiri)- 道拉吉里(Dhaulagiri)- 乌德耶吉里(Udayagiri) – 坎达吉里(Khandagiri)-兰谷迪(Langudi)。这些地点由舍利塔(stupas)、佛塔( chaityas)和阿育王法令庄严道场,也是学习金刚乘佛教的处所。

Amiya Pattnaik是布巴内斯瓦尔(Bhubaneswar)的乌特卡尔文化大学(Utkal University of Culture)副校长,他曾在首都宣扬过佛教旅游路线。Amiya Pattnaik表示该邦有100个佛教圣地,其中有20个是“非常重要”的。

他说:“勒德纳吉里(Ratnagiri)可与那烂陀相提并论,甚至可以堪比菩提伽耶”。

古代佛教文献表明:“佛克莎(Buddha Kesha)”(头发文物)是由两位富商Tapassu和Ballika带到该邦。后来,佛陀的牙齿也被迎请到了该邦。

Wanderlust旅行社的董事总经理S.K. Yadav表示:“精品佛教旅游路线应重新界定和多元化发展。”

Yadav在CII圆桌会议上表示:“为何不将拉达克(Ladakh)也打包到游客旅游选项里呢?不仅包括佛教圣地,旅游经营者还应该将整个旅游目的地进行整合,如同牦牛之旅一样。旅游经营者需要考虑推广新的佛教目的地。“

Rao旅游公司的董事总经理Sreenivas Rao认为:全世界将近有4亿佛教徒,其中约20万(2007年统计)~50万人到印度旅游,而且这个数字仍会不断增长。

他说:“我们期望应该至少有两百万游客,假设人均花费1000美元,这将会带来超过20亿美元的经济收入。“

地标旅行私人有限公司董事Ravi Luthra则表示:在提供便利设施,开发旅游潜能,确保法律和秩序等方面还有很多事情要做。

他说:“很多为佛教徒提供旅游的国家,应准备开发基础设施。诸如印度旅游运营协会(IATO) 这样的旅游协会,通过专题研讨会对促进佛教旅游发挥着积极的作用。“

文章来源:http://www.khaleejtimes.com/kt-article-display-1.asp?section=lifestyle&xfile=/data/lifestyle/2012/December/lifestyle_December31.xml

翻译:圆怀,不惑

校对:沃色卓玛

 

Buddhist tourism gets new push in India

IANS, 25 December 2012

Odisha, India — The Buddhist tourism circuit in India is getting a new fillip with the luxury tourist shuttle, the Mahaparinirvana Express, expanding its run to touch Buddhist sites in Odisha from Jan 20 besides those in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

The move is to meet the growing demand by pilgrims, especially from countries like Sri Lanka in South Asia as well East and Southeast Asia, to visit more places associated with the Buddha – Bhubaneswar, Lalitagiri, Khandagiri and Udayagiri.

‘The train that begins from Safdarjung in the capital now goes to Bodh Gaya, Rajgir, Nalanda, Varanasi, Sarnath, Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, Lumbini and Sravasti in a seven-night, eight-day odyssey,’ Harshvardhan Singh Rawat, an official at the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), told IANS.

The train, which was introduced in 2007, has tariffs ranging from Rs.7,500 to Rs.34,000.

Speaking on the margins of the Confederation of India Industry Roundtable on Indian Tourism, the IRCTC official said the government was reconsidering resuming the Chennai Buddhist shuttle that stopped in March this year.

‘We will soon put the train from Chennai back on track to cater to the surge of Buddhist pilgrims from Sri Lanka. We are working out the cost of the 21-day, 20-night trip that covers many more places than the Delhi train,’ the official said.

The Mahaparinirvana Express, on an average, clocks 60 percent occupancy with the bulk of tourists from China, Thailand, Taiwan and other countries in the region. The official said tourists from at least 30 countries opt for train tourism in the Buddhist circuits

The corporation has tied up with luxury hotels at Bodh Gaya, Kushinagar, Gorakhpur and Lumbini (Nepal) to host the tourists overnight. Now the spotlight is on Odisha, where Buddhist sites had been in the shadow of the popular Puri-Konark Hindu pilgrimage tourism.

The Odisha loop comprising Ratnagiri-Dhaulagiri-Udayagiri-Khandagiri and Langudi dates back to early 6th century BC. The sites are dotted with stupas, chaityas and Ashokan edicts. It is also a seat of the study of Vajrayana Buddhism.

Amiya Pattnaik, vice-chancellor of Utkal University of Culture in Bhubaneswar, who was in the capital to promote the Buddhist circuit, said the state was home to 100 Buddhist sites of which 20 were ‘very important’.

‘Ratnagiri can be compared with Nalanda and can even compete with Bodh Gaya,’ he said.

Ancient Buddhist documents indicate that ‘Buddha Kesha’ (hair relics) were brought to the state by two rich traders, Tapassu and Ballika. Later, the Buddha’s teeth were also believed to have been brought to the state.

S.K. Yadav, managing director of Wanderlust Travel, meanwhile said the ‘hardcover Buddhist tourism circuit should be redefined and diversified’.

‘Why not give the tourists Ladakh in the package? Not just Buddhist shrines, but tour operators must package the entire destination with out-of-the-box activity like yak safaris. Tour operators need to think about promoting new Buddhist destinations,’ Yadav said at th CII roundtable.

Sreenivas Rao, managing director of Rao Travels, said of the nearly 400 million Buddhists around the world, around 200,000 (2007 figure)-500,000 people come to India and this should be increased.

‘We should look for at least two million. Even if they spend $1,000 per head, it would contribute to over $2 billion to the economy,’ he noted.

Ravi Luthra, director of Landmark Tours and Travels Pvt Ltd, said that a lot more needs to be done in providing facilities, identifying potential and ensuring law and order.

‘Lot of tourist-generating countries that are Buddhist have to be ready to develop infrastructure. Tourist associations like IATO – Indian Association of Tourist Operators – are playing a positive role in promoting Buddhist tourism with special seminars,’ he said.