[智悲翻译]佛教与伦理社会学

目录:佛教新闻:驱离孤独的正念冥想

Buddhism News:Mindfulness meditation found to combat loneliness

AFP,2012年7月31日

Keywords: Mindfulness, Meditation, Loneliness

关键词:正念,冥想,孤独

LOS ANGELES, CA (USA) — A new study finds that mindfulness meditation can help older adults battle feelings of loneliness while also boosting health. The study, published in the journal Brain, Behavior & Immunity, shows that eight weeks of training in mindfulness meditation (a total of 2.5 hours a week) is linked with decreased loneliness.

洛杉矶,美国——一个新的研究发现,正念冥想可以帮助中老年人减少孤独感并且让他们更健康。发表在权威神经免疫学医学杂志《大脑、行为与免疫》上的该研究显示:孤独感的减少与八周的正念冥想课程(总计每周2.5小时)有关。

<< Older adults reported reduced feelings of loneliness after taking part in an eight-week training on mindfulness meditation.

<<在完成八周的正念冥想课程后,一些老年人反馈说这个课程帮助他们减少了孤独感。

The study included 40 participants between ages 55 and 85, some of whom participated in an eight-week training programme (a total of 2.5 hours a week) called Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, which was established by Jon Kabat-Zinn at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in the US.

这项研究包括了40名年龄在55岁到85岁之间的参与者,其中有些人参加了美国马萨诸塞州立大学医学院的一个为期八周(每周2.5小时)叫做“以正念为基础的减压”课程。

“We always tell people to quit smoking for health reasons, but rarely do we think about loneliness in the same way,” said study lead J. David Creswell said in a statement dated July 24.

这项研究的负责人大卫.克雷斯韦尔在7月24日的报告中说:“我们不断劝说人们为了健康而戒烟,但我们很少以同样方式看待孤独感的问题。”

“We know that loneliness is a major risk factor for health problems and mortality in older adults,” he said, adding that the research suggests that mindfulness meditation training could be “a promising intervention for improving the health of older adults.”

他说:“我们知道孤独感是危害中老年人身体健康的一个主要因素”,研究表明正念冥想的训练“有望成为一项能提高中老年健康的有效治疗。”

Using the blood samples collected, the researchers also found that the older adult sample had elevated pro-inflammatory gene expression in their immune cells at the beginning of the study and that the training reduced this pro-inflammatory gene expression, which the researchers said could “reduce older adults’ inflammatory disease risk.”

利用收集的血液样本,研究者还发现,在研究初期中老年人的免疫细胞样本中,促炎性细胞的基因表达有所升高。(译者注:基因表达(gene expression)是指细胞在生命过程中,把储存在DNA顺序中遗传信息经过转录和翻译,转变成具有生物活性的蛋白质分子)而这项训练,减少了这种基因表达。研究人员说:“这可能降低中老年人患上炎症性疾病的风险。”

Aside from alleviating loneliness, mindfulness meditation has also been shown in recent research to have positive effects on the brain – linked with brain changes that may even have effects against mental illness.

除了缓解孤独感,在最近的研究中,正念冥想也被证明能对大脑产生积极的影响——这些与大脑变化相关的影响,甚至能够治疗精神疾病。

Another recent study also found that mindfulness meditation, along with moderate exercise, was linked to a reduction in the severity of colds and flu during winter.

另一项近期研究也发现,减少冬季感冒和流感的严重程度与正念冥想以及适度的体育锻炼有关。

智悲翻译中心

译者: 巴玛拉摩

一审校对:王筱汐

终审校对:妙怀

文章来源: http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=7,11005,0,0,1,0